The Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Southern Treasury (PHAST) - Observatoire de Paris Access content directly
Other Publications HST Proposal. Cycle 29 Year : 2021

The Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Southern Treasury (PHAST)

Benjamin F. Williams
  • Function : Author
Eric F. Bell
  • Function : Author
Martha L. Boyer
  • Function : Author
Richard d'Souza
  • Function : Author
Julianne Dalcanton
  • Function : Author
Mariangelly Diaz Rodriguez
  • Function : Author
Andrew Eugene Dolphin
  • Function : Author
Meredith Durbin
  • Function : Author
Karoline Gilbert
  • Function : Author
Leo Girardi
  • Function : Author
Karl D. Gordon
  • Function : Author
Puragra Guhathakurta
  • Function : Author
Lent Clifton Johnson
  • Function : Author
Dustin Lang
  • Function : Author
Tod R. Lauer
  • Function : Author
Margaret Lazzarini
  • Function : Author
Jeremiah Murphy
  • Function : Author
Ekta Patel
  • Function : Author
Amanda Quirk
  • Function : Author
Julia Christine Roman-Duval
  • Function : Author
Robyn Sanderson
  • Function : Author
Anil C. Seth
  • Function : Author
Adam Smercina
  • Function : Author
Daniel R. Weisz
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We propose to create a legacy map of the southern half of M31 in the optical and near ultraviolet (NUV). The Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Southern Treasury (PHAST) will add ~100 million stars to M31's stellar photometry archive and cover regions of M31 that are structurally unique and more sensitive to the merger history than the northern disk mapped in the Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury (PHAT). These newly mapped regions include the intersections with M32 and the giant southern stream, the split portion of the star forming ring, and the southern bar. By providing age, metallicity, stellar mass, and follow-up kinematics, the resolved stellar photometry of these regions will be used for detailed comparisons to simulations, including star formation history and population asymmetries as well as the orbits of M32 and the giant southern stream, allowing us to distinguish between competing merger scenarios. Thus, these measurements tightly constrain models of M31's merger history and disk evolution. Furthermore, the legacy value for such observations is undeniable; M31 has been and will continue to be a centerpiece target for many NASA and ESA missions, as well as for ground-based time-domain observations that could find extremely valuable events that require HST resolution for identifying precursors. These current and future data sets cover the entire galaxy, and thus, our coverage will increase the value of all past and future M31 observations. PHAST will complete a lasting baseline data set for this high-demand target that no other current or planned facility will be able to produce.
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Dates and versions

obspm-04072856 , version 1 (18-04-2023)

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Benjamin F. Williams, Eric F. Bell, Martha L. Boyer, Richard d'Souza, Julianne Dalcanton, et al.. The Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Southern Treasury (PHAST). 2021, pp.16800. ⟨obspm-04072856⟩
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