Large Methane Emissions From the Pantanal During Rising Water-Levels Revealed by Regularly Measured Lower Troposphere CH<SUB>4</SUB> Profiles - Observatoire de Paris Access content directly
Journal Articles Global Biogeochemical Cycles Year : 2021

Large Methane Emissions From the Pantanal During Rising Water-Levels Revealed by Regularly Measured Lower Troposphere CH4 Profiles

M. Gloor
  • Function : Author
L. V. Gatti
  • Function : Author
C. Wilson
  • Function : Author
R. J. Parker
  • Function : Author
H. Boesch
  • Function : Author
E. Popa
  • Function : Author
M. P. Chipperfield
  • Function : Author
B. Poulter
  • Function : Author
Z. Zhang
  • Function : Author
L. Basso
  • Function : Author
J. Miller
  • Function : Author
J. Mcnorton
  • Function : Author
C. Jimenez
  • Function : Author
C. Prigent
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The Pantanal region of Brazil is the largest seasonally flooded tropical grassland and, according to local chamber measurements, a substantial CH4 source. CH4 emissions from wetlands have recently become of heightened interest because global atmospheric 13CH4 data indicate they may contribute to the resumption of atmospheric CH4 growth since 2007. We have regularly measured vertical atmospheric profiles for 2 years in the center of the Pantanal with the objectives to obtain an estimate of CH4 emissions using an atmospheric approach, and provide information about flux seasonality and its relation to controlling factors. Boundary layer-free troposphere differences observed in the Pantanal are large compared to other wetlands. Total emissions based on a planetary boundary layer budgeting technique are 2.0-2.8 TgCH4 yr−1 (maximum flux ∼0.4 gCH4 m−2 d−1) while those based on a Bayesian inversion using an atmospheric transport model are ∼3.3 TgCH4 yr−1. Compared to recent estimates for Amazonia (∼41 ± 3 TgCH4 yr−1, maximum flux ∼0.3 gCH4 m−2 d−1) these emissions are not that large. Our Pantanal data suggest a clear flux seasonality with CH4 being released in large amounts just after water levels begin to rise again after minimum levels have been reached. CH4 emissions decline substantially once the maximum water level has been reached. While predictions with prognostic wetland CH4 emission models agree well with the magnitude of the fluxes, they disagree with the phasing. Our approach shows promise for detecting and understanding longer-term trends in CH4 emissions and the potential for future wetlands CH4 emissions climate feedbacks.

Dates and versions

obspm-03982592 , version 1 (10-02-2023)

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M. Gloor, L. V. Gatti, C. Wilson, R. J. Parker, H. Boesch, et al.. Large Methane Emissions From the Pantanal During Rising Water-Levels Revealed by Regularly Measured Lower Troposphere CH4 Profiles. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2021, 35, ⟨10.1029/2021GB006964⟩. ⟨obspm-03982592⟩

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