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Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2023

ALMA-IMF

A. Ginsburg
  • Function : Author
A. Stutz
  • Function : Author
M. Fernández-López
  • Function : Author
R. Álvarez-Gutiérrez
  • Function : Author
M. Armante
  • Function : Author
T. Baug
  • Function : Author
M. Bonfand
  • Function : Author
D. Díaz-González
  • Function : Author
A. Gusdorf
  • Function : Author
F. Herpin
X. Lu
  • Function : Author
L. Maud
  • Function : Author
T. Nony
  • Function : Author
F. Olguin
  • Function : Author
R. Rivera-Soto
  • Function : Author
N. Sandoval-Garrido
  • Function : Author
P. Sanhueza
  • Function : Author
K. Tatematsu
  • Function : Author
A. Towner
  • Function : Author
M. Valeille-Manet
  • Function : Author

Abstract

ALMA-IMF is an Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) Large Program designed to measure the core mass function (CMF) of 15 protoclusters chosen to span their early evolutionary stages. It further aims to understand their kinematics, chemistry, and the impact of gas inflow, accretion, and dynamics on the CMF. We present here the first release of the ALMA-IMF line data cubes (DR1), produced from the combination of two ALMA 12 m-array configurations. The data include 12 spectral windows, with eight at 1.3 mm and four at 3 mm. The broad spectral coverage of ALMA-IMF (∼6.7 GHz bandwidth coverage per field) hosts a wealth of simple atomic, molecular, ionised, and complex organic molecular lines. We describe the line cube calibration done by ALMA and the subsequent calibration and imaging we performed. We discuss our choice of calibration parameters and optimisation of the cleaning parameters, and we demonstrate the utility and necessity of additional processing compared to the ALMA archive pipeline. As a demonstration of the scientific potential of these data, we present a first analysis of the DCN (3–2) line. We find that DCN (3–2) traces a diversity of morphologies and complex velocity structures, which tend to be more filamentary and widespread in evolved regions and are more compact in the young and intermediate-stage protoclusters. Furthermore, we used the DCN (3–2) emission as a tracer of the gas associated with 595 continuum cores across the 15 protoclusters, providing the first estimates of the core systemic velocities and linewidths within the sample. We find that DCN (3–2) is detected towards a higher percentage of cores in evolved regions than the young and intermediate-stage protoclusters and is likely a more complete tracer of the core population in more evolved protoclusters. The full ALMA 12m-array cubes for the ALMA-IMF Large Program are provided with this DR1 release.
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hal-04294996 , version 1 (02-12-2023)

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N. Cunningham, A. Ginsburg, R. Galván-Madrid, F. Motte, T. Csengeri, et al.. ALMA-IMF. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2023, 678, pp.A194. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202245429⟩. ⟨hal-04294996⟩
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