YOLO-CL: Galaxy cluster detection in the SDSS with deep machine learning - Observatoire de Paris Access content directly
Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2023

YOLO-CL: Galaxy cluster detection in the SDSS with deep machine learning

Abstract

(Abridged) Galaxy clusters are a powerful probe of cosmological models. Next generation large-scale optical and infrared surveys will reach unprecedented depths over large areas and require highly complete and pure cluster catalogs, with a well defined selection function. We have developed a new cluster detection algorithm YOLO-CL, which is a modified version of the state-of-the-art object detection deep convolutional network YOLO, optimized for the detection of galaxy clusters. We trained YOLO-CL on color images of the redMaPPer cluster detections in the SDSS. We find that YOLO-CL detects $95-98\%$ of the redMaPPer clusters, with a purity of $95-98\%$ calculated by applying the network to SDSS blank fields. When compared to the MCXC2021 X-ray catalog in the SDSS footprint,YOLO-CL is more complete then redMaPPer, which means that the neural network improved the cluster detection efficiency of its training sample. The YOLO-CL selection function is approximately constant with redshift, with respect to the MCXC2021 cluster mean X-ray surface brightness. YOLO-CL shows high performance when compared to traditional detection algorithms applied to SDSS. Deep learning networks benefit from a strong advantage over traditional galaxy cluster detection techniques because they do not need galaxy photometric and photometric redshift catalogs. This eliminates systematic uncertainties that can be introduced during source detection, and photometry and photometric redshift measurements. Our results show that YOLO-CL is an efficient alternative to traditional cluster detection methods. In general, this work shows that it is worth exploring the performance of deep convolution networks for future cosmological cluster surveys, such as the Rubin/LSST, Euclid or the Roman Space Telescope surveys.
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hal-03982611 , version 1 (02-12-2023)

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Kirill Grishin, Simona Mei, Stéphane Ilic. YOLO-CL: Galaxy cluster detection in the SDSS with deep machine learning. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2023, 677, pp.A101. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202345976⟩. ⟨hal-03982611⟩
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