Tenseur de mobilité et magnétothermoélectricité anisotrope de bismuth

Abstract : Bismuth Fermi surface is composed of one parabolic hole pocket and three equivalent Dirac electrons valleys. The electrons effective mass is low (m* ~ 10-3 me) and very anisotropic (m1 ~ 200 m2). These exceptional electronic properties, combined with a very low carrier density (n=3.10-17 cm-3) and a very large mobility (µ ~ 108 cm2/V/s) imply that bismuth magnetoresistance is very large and very sensitive to the orientation of the magnetic field. During this thesis, we mapped in temperature and magnetic field the angular dependence of transverse magnetoresistance in the three high symmetry planes. Our datas are then fitted by a semi-classical model. This permits to examine the relevance of the semi-classical theory and to extract the mobility tensors components. We find that all mobility tensor components have a temperature dependence close to a T-2, which suggests that the electron-electron interaction is the main diffusion mechanism. At low temperature and high magnetic field, a phase transition induces the loss of the lattice rotational symmetry in angular dependence magnetoresistance measurement. The angular dependence of magneto-Seebeck effect shows the same oscillations as magnetoresistance. Their explanation requires to go beyond the semi-classical model. Finally, magnetic field dependence and anisotropy of thermoelectric power and thermoelectric figure of merit of pure bismuth and a bismuth-antimony alloy are studied.
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Aurelie Collaudin. Tenseur de mobilité et magnétothermoélectricité anisotrope de bismuth. Physique [physics]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066630⟩. ⟨tel-01149105⟩

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