Ultra compact ans sensitive Terahertz Heterodyne receiver based on quantum cascade laser and hot electron bolometer

Abstract : We demonstrate an ultra-compact Terahertz (THz) heterodyne detec- tion system based on a quantum cas- cade laser (QCL) as local oscillator and a hot electron bolometer (HEB) for the mixing. It relies on a new opti- cal coupling scheme where the local oscillator signal is coupled through the air side of the planar HEB an- tenna, while the signal to be de- tected is coupled to the HEB through the lens. This technique allows us to suppress the beam splitter usu- ally employed for heterodyne mea- surements. The mixer is a Niobium Nitride HEB with a log-spiral planar antenna on silicon and mounted on the back of a plano-convex silicon lens. We have developed a low power consumption and low beam di- vergence 3rd-order distributed feed- back laser with single mode emis- sion at the target frequency of 2.7 THz to be used as local oscillator for the heterodyne receiver. The cou- pling between the QC laser and the the HEB has been further optimized, using a dielectric hollow waveguide that reliably increases the laser beam directivity up to 55 dBi. Upon the high beam quality, sufficient output power in a single mode at the tar- geted frequency and low power dissi- pation of our local oscillator, we have build an ultra compact THz hetero- dyne receiver with sensitivity close to the state of the art at 2.7 THz.
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François Joint. Ultra compact ans sensitive Terahertz Heterodyne receiver based on quantum cascade laser and hot electron bolometer. Astrophysics [astro-ph]. PSL Research University, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEO025⟩. ⟨tel-02136206⟩

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