Experimental study of X-ray photon-induced desorption from methanol containing ices and its astrophysical implications - Observatoire de Paris Access content directly
Proceedings SF2A-2021: Proceedings of the Annual meeting of the French Society of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Eds.: A. Siebert Year : 2021

Experimental study of X-ray photon-induced desorption from methanol containing ices and its astrophysical implications

R. Dupuy
  • Function : Author
C. Romanzin
  • Function : Author
L. Amiaud
  • Function : Author
A. Lafosse
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Detections of gas phase methanol CH$_3$OH in the cold regions of protoplanetary disks are still poorly understood. The role of X-rays, emitted from the central young stellar object (YSO), to explain these observations is still an open question. X-ray photodesorption, which is the desorption of molecules from interstellar ices, induced by its X-ray irradiation, is a potential candidate to explain the observed CH$_3$OH abundances. We have experimentally studied this process in the soft X-ray range near the O K-edge ($\sim$ 560 eV) on CO or H$_2$O-rich ices containing methanol. The X-ray photodesorption spectra of the desorbing molecules are found to be well-correlated with the ice X-ray absorption spectrum. X-ray photodesorption yields, which represent the efficiency of a X-ray to desorb a given molecule, are found to be strongly dependent on the ice composition. X-ray photodesorption of CH$_3$OH is efficient (with a yield of $\sim$ 10$^{-2}$ molecule/photon at 565 eV) when CH$_3$OH is embedded in CO-rich ices. When embedded in H$_2$O-rich ices, the X-ray photodesorption of CH$_3$OH is not detected. This was assumed to be due to the X-ray induced-chemistry. Consequently, X-ray photodesorption should participate into explaining the presence of gas phase CH$_3$OH only beyond the CO snowline of protoplanetary disks.
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obspm-03999391 , version 1 (21-02-2023)

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R. Basalgète, R. Dupuy, G. Féraud, C. Romanzin, X. Michaut, et al.. Experimental study of X-ray photon-induced desorption from methanol containing ices and its astrophysical implications. SF2A-2021: Proceedings of the Annual meeting of the French Society of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Eds.: A. Siebert, pp.69 - 72, 2021. ⟨obspm-03999391⟩
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