Physics of ULIRGs with MUSE and ALMA: The PUMA project. IV. No tight relation between cold molecular outflow rates and AGN luminosities - Observatoire de Paris Access content directly
Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2022

Physics of ULIRGs with MUSE and ALMA: The PUMA project. IV. No tight relation between cold molecular outflow rates and AGN luminosities

I. Lamperti
  • Function : Author
M. Pereira-Santaella
  • Function : Author
M. Perna
  • Function : Author
L. Colina
  • Function : Author
S. Arribas
  • Function : Author
S. García-Burillo
  • Function : Author
E. González-Alfonso
  • Function : Author
S. Aalto
  • Function : Author
A. Alonso-Herrero
  • Function : Author
A. Labiano
  • Function : Author
J. Piqueras-López
  • Function : Author
D. Rigopoulou
  • Function : Author
P. van der Werf
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We study molecular outflows in a sample of 25 nearby (z < 0.17, d < 750 Mpc) ultra-luminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG) systems (38 individual nuclei) as part of the Physics of ULIRGs with MUSE and ALMA (PUMA) survey, using ∼400 pc (0.1-1.0″ beam FWHM) resolution ALMA CO(2-1) observations. We used a spectro-astrometry analysis to identify high-velocity (> 300 km s−1) molecular gas disconnected from the galaxy rotation, which we attribute to outflows. In 77% of the 26 nuclei with log LIR/L > 11.8, we identified molecular outflows with an average vout = 490 km s−1, outflow masses 1 − 35 × 107 M, mass outflow rates Ṁout = 6 − 300 M yr−1, mass-loading factors η = Ṁout/SFR = 0.1 − 1, and an average outflow mass escape fraction of 45 ± 6%. The majority of these outflows (18/20) are spatially resolved with radii of 0.2 − 0.9 kpc and have short dynamical times (tdyn = Rout/vout) in the range 0.5 − 2.8 Myr. The outflow detection rate is higher in nuclei dominated by starbursts (SBs, 14/15 = 93%) than in active galactic nuclei (AGN, 6/11 = 55%). Outflows perpendicular to the kinematic major axis are mainly found in interacting SBs. We also find that our sample does not follow the Ṁout versus AGN luminosity relation reported in previous works. In our analysis, we include a sample of nearby main-sequence galaxies (SFR = 0.3 − 17 M yr−1) with detected molecular outflows from the PHANGS-ALMA survey to increase the LIR dynamic range. Using these two samples, we find a correlation between the outflow velocity and the star-formation rate (SFR), as traced by LIR (vout ∝ SFR0.25±0.01), which is consistent with what was found for the atomic ionised and neutral phases. Using this correlation, and the relation between Mout/Rout and vout, we conclude that these outflows are likely momentum-driven. Finally, we compare the CO outflow velocities with the ones derived from the OH 119 μm doublet. In 76% of the targets, the outflow is detected in both CO and OH, while in three targets (18%) the outflow is only detected in CO, and in one target the outflow is detected in OH but not in CO. The difference between the OH and CO outflow velocities could be due to the far-IR background source required by the OH absorption which makes these observations more dependent on the specific outflow geometry.
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Dates and versions

obspm-03977543 , version 1 (02-03-2023)

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I. Lamperti, M. Pereira-Santaella, M. Perna, L. Colina, S. Arribas, et al.. Physics of ULIRGs with MUSE and ALMA: The PUMA project. IV. No tight relation between cold molecular outflow rates and AGN luminosities. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2022, 668, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202244054⟩. ⟨obspm-03977543⟩
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