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Effect of inter-ply sliding on the quality of multilayer interlock dry fabric preforms

Samir Allaoui 1 Christophe Cellard 2 G. Hivet 3 
2 MMA
LBMS - Laboratoire brestois de mécanique et des systèmes
3 F2ME
PRISME - Laboratoire Pluridisciplinaire de Recherche en Ingénierie des Systèmes, Mécanique et Energétique
Abstract : Forming thick, complex shapes with several layers is needed in high technology fields. During forming, defects can occur and have to be taken into account because they can significantly affect the mechanical performance of the part. This experimental study shows that, when working with dry fabric forming, the type and number of defects is a function of the punch geometry, the process parameters, the orientation of the fabric with respect to the punch and the inter-ply friction. Inter-ply friction has a huge effect on the quality of the preform when inter-ply sliding occurs. This inter-ply friction leads to several overhanging yarn shocks that generate high tangential forces, which inhibit the relative sliding of plies. In addition, to reduce the number and amplitude of defects, the layers subjected to severe defects can be placed in the inner position where they are subjected to the compression applied by the upper layers.
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Samir Allaoui, Christophe Cellard, G. Hivet. Effect of inter-ply sliding on the quality of multilayer interlock dry fabric preforms. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Elsevier, 2015, 68, pp.336-345. ⟨10.1016/j.compositesa.2014.10.017⟩. ⟨hal-01091693⟩

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